Hanauma Bay (webmaster)
Kennedy, Merrit. Native Hawaiians Now Have a Pathway to Form a Government. National Public Radio. September 23, 2016. http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/23/495212183/native-hawaiians-now-have-a-pathway-to-form-a-government
Jack loved Hawai'i. He loved the landscape, the flora and fauna, and the sea. Most of all, he loved the people, whom he saw as kind and gentle. He felt that the Caucasians were taking advantage of the Hawaiian people, and he tried to help the people in every way he could. He helped to train those who wanted to act. He helped to boost tourism to the islands in an effort to bring more jobs and money to the people. Sadly, that effort proved to be a double-edged sword, for while the jobs and money came, so did people who had little interest in or respect for the Hawaiian people. That influx is largely responsible for the hatred that too many Hawaiians feel for the mainlanders today. And, so, when he and Marie passed away, they left their estate to the Hawaiian people.
The first ever foreign potentate to be accorded a White House state dinner was King David Kalakaua of the Sandwich Islands, now known as the state of Hawaii but then still its own sovereign nation. He was hosted by President Ulysses S. Grant on Dec. 12, 1874, while in Washington on a mission to win trade concessions.
Source: “King Kalakaua Goes to Washington, 1874” in Time Magazine. January 19, 2011. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2043087_2043088_2043115,00.html
The palaces are presented in chronological order based on the dates when they are known to have been inhabited by Hawai`i's royal families.
Built in 1838, in Kailua-Kona on the Island of Hawai`i, Hulihe`e was the home of Governor John Kuakini, an important advisor to King Kamehameha I. Kuakini became the first Royal Governor of the Island of Hawai`i and, later, the Royal Governor of O`ahu. Upon his death, the house passed to his heirs. In the late-19th century and early 20th century, the house was used by Hawaiian royalty as a vacation home.
Built of lava rock and coral lime mortar in the Georgian style, the Hulihe`e Palace has been remodeled and enlarged several times since its construction, most notably by King David Kalakaua, who added the two-storey lanais on the makai (sea) side.
In 1925, the house was purchased by the Daughters of Hawai`i, who continue to preserve it as a museum of Hawaiian history. On October 15, 2005, a series of earthquakes seriously damaged the house, forcing walls out of plumb; separating porches from the main structure; and knocking down lath, plaster, and mouldings. Restoration efforts continue.
Hulihe`e Palace is open from 9:00 am until 4:00 pm weekdays, and from 10:00 am until 4:00 on weekends. It is located on Ali`i Drive in downtown Kailua-Kona. See pictures of Hulihe`e Palace.
Capt and Mrs. John Dominis built this Greek Revival house between 1842 and 1847. Sadly, Capt Dominis never was able to live in the house. While on a voyage to China to buy furniture for the house, he was lost at sea. In order to keep the house, Mrs. Dominis rented out rooms. One of her tenants, on the occasion of George Washington's birthday, suggested that she name the house Washington Place. She did.
The Dominis' son, John Owen Dominis, married Lydia Kalakaua, who upon her brother's death, ascended to the throne as Queen Lili`uokalani. She moved into Washington Place and lived there, except for her years in `Iolani Palace, until she died in 1917.
Washington Place served as the governor's residence for the Territory and State of Hawai`i between 1920 and 2001. At that point, a new residence was constructed. Today, Washington Place is a museum of state history, although it is still used for official entertaining.
Queen Emma Summer Palace
When in Honolulu, tour the Creole cottage that was the summer retreat of Queen Emma, wife of King Kamehameha IV. Located up the Pali Highway, where the cool breezes dispel the summer's heat, it is furnished with beautiful Victorian pieces, some of which were gifts to Her Majesty from European royalty.
Emalani Kalanikaumakaamano Kaleleonâlani Naʻea was born on January 2, 1836, in Kawaihae, Hawai`i. Her maternal grandfather was John Young, King Kamehameha I's British-born military advisor She attended the Royal School, where her classmates were Bernice Pauahi Bishop, David Kalākaua, and Lydia Lili‘uokalani. In 1856, she married Alexander Liholiho, who was King Kamehameha IV. Even though both descended from royal lineage, their marriage was not entirely agreeable to the Hawaiian people because of Emma's Caucasian blood. Two years later, Emma gave birth to Prince Albert. The child's godmother was Queen Victoria of England.
Like her former classmates at the Royal School, Emma was cross-cultural, speaking both Hawaiian and English and employing the living habits of both Hawaiian and Euro-American cultures. And, so, in 1860, she sought to have the Anglican (Episcopal) Church established in Hawai‘i. She helped to lay the cornerstone of what is today St. Andrew Episcopal Church and established a girl's school at the church.
In 1862, Prince Albert passed away. A year later, King Kamehameha IV passed away, leaving Emma twice bereaved. King Kamehameha IV was succeeded by William Lunalilo, and Queen Emma returned to private life. Even so, she remained active in Hawaiian affairs. Among her accomplishments were the establishment of the Queen's Hospital (now, Medical Center).
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i stipulated that, if a king died without naming a successor, one would be elected. And, so, when King William Lunalilo died in 1874 without naming a successor, David Kalākaua threw his hat into the ring. The following day, Emma filed a petition stating her own intention to run for the royal post. She said King Lunalilo had wanted her to succeed him but had died before putting his request in writing. Many Hawaiians favored her to succeed Lunalilo, for her late-husband was a descendant of the Kamehamehas. Even so, she lost the election to David Kalākaua.
Queen Emma Summer Palace was featured in an episode of Magnum, PI, "Forever in Time" (Season 8).
Ainahau Estate in Waikiki
The ten-acre Ainahau Estate was given to Princess Kaiulani (nee, Victoria Cleghorn) by her godmother, Princess Ruth Keelikolani on the occasion of her baptism (1875). Legend has it that 500 coconut palms were planted in honor of the birth; indeed, the estate became a coconut grove.
There, the family built a country estate on which to go for rest and relaxation. So much did they enjoy it that they made it their permanent residence. Sources differ on the meaning of the name "Ainahau." Some say it means "land of the hau tree," while others say it means "cool land" for the trade winds that cooled the estate.
Princess Kaiulani's mother was the sister of Queen Lili‘uokalani; thus, upon her mother's death, the princess became second in line to ascend to the throne. Instead, the monarchy fell and, with it, the royal lineage.
The princess' father, Archibald Cleghorn, imported plants and flowers from around the world with which to landscape the estate. The estate became known for its gardens, which included Hawai‘i's first banyan tree. Cuttings from the tree were planted elsewhere in Honolulu when the estate was demolished in 1955 to make room for hotels and other Waikiki commercialism.
The Ali‘iolani Hale was planned as a palace by King William Lunalilo. Its name means “House of the Heavenly Chief;” “heavenly chief having been the king’s “secret” name since his birth. The building was designed in the Italian Renaissance style by Australian architect Thomas Rowe. Although His Majesty laid the first cornerstone (on February 19, 1872), he passed away before the building was completed. Some sources say His Majesty realized during construction that the Hawaiian government needed the building for offices worse than he needed a palace. Other sources say the decision to make the Hale an office building was made by his successor, King David Kalākaua.
In either case, in 1874, King David Kalākaua dedicated the building to house Hawaiian governmental offices. From 1874 until 1893, when the monarchy was overthrown within the Ali‘iolani Hale, it housed the legislature and courts of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i. It was also housed governmental offices for the Republic of Hawai‘i (1893-1899) and the Territory of Hawai‘i.
As the size of government increased, the legislature was moved across King Street, to ‘Iolani Palace. Only the courts remained. In time, the lower courts moved out. To make additional room for governmental offices, the interior of the Hale was completely redesigned and rebuilt in 1911, changing the configuration from that of a residence. In the 1940s, the Hale received a new wing, adding still more space for governmental offices. Today, the Ali‘iolani Hale houses only the State Supreme Court, administrative offices, a large law library, and the Judiciary History Center. Today, a statue of King Kamehameha I (the Great) stands before the Hale.
When King Kamehameha laid the cornerstone, a time capsule was buried under the site of the Hale. It was located by x-ray in 2005, but was not removed in order to preserve the integrity of the building’s structure. The time capsule is said to contain photographs of the royal family, the Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i, Hawaiian postage stamps, copies of newspapers, and books, including a Hawaiian language dictionary.
King David Kalākaua's predecessor, King Kamehameha V (William Lunalilo), died in 1874, only a year after ascending to the throne. As noted above, he had ordered construction of the Ali‘iolani Hale. King David saw the need for more governmental offices buildings and, wanting a home of his own, dedicated the Hale as an office building and built a new palace, the ‘Iolani Palace.
The architectural style of ‘Iolani Palace is primarily Victorian, the style of the period in which it was built. Even so, Gothic details are present, as are distinctly Hawaiian ones. It features jibe windows, which rise from the lanais (balconies) and disappear into the walls above the window frames; medallions depicting Hawaiian culture on the ceilings of the lanais; beautiful hardwood floors and door and window mouldings; and the original koa wood staircase, which winds and bends with a grace not seen in modern staircases. The walls and floors are new to the 1970s restoration; however, the trim, doors, windows, and staircase are original. Eight corner rooms project beyond the corner rooms; their purpose remains unknown to this day.
Upon King David's death in 1891, his sister, Queen Lili‘uokalani ascended to the throne as the last monarch of the Kingdom of Hawai‘i. She served until January 1893, when she was deposed and the Kingdom of Hawai‘i was abolished. In 1895, she was accused of trying to overthrow the provisional government and was placed under house arrest in ‘Iolani Palace; there, she remained for three years before she was released and allowed to return to her home at Washington Place. She lived there until her death in 1917 at the age of 79.
‘Iolani Palace became the seat of government for the Republic, Territory, and State of Hawai‘i. By 1969, when the new state capitol opened, the palace had fallen into a serious state of decline. Government offices were moved out, and the newly established The Friends of ‘Iolani Palace began a decade-long restoration project. Today, the palace glistens anew, fully restored to how it was when King David Kalākaua lived there.
For more information about ‘Iolani Palace and its history, as well as to see pictures of the interior of the palace, including the beautiful koa wood staircase, visit http://www.iolanipalace.org.
To see interior pictures of `Iolani Palace, visit the photo album. RJL member JeanG shared several interior shots.
The Royal Hawaiian Band presents a concert on the palace grounds each Friday from noon until 1:00 (weather permitting). These performances are free of charge, and seating is available. Join kama‘ainas and visitors, alike, to hear a performance of the band, which King Kamehameha III established in 1836. Ever since, this full-time band of 40 musicians has performed both in Hawai‘i and around the world.
Bruddah Iz Tells It Best
Here is a Hawaiian cottage in Waikiki, one of few remaining as noted in "Strangers in Our Own Land" (Season 1). Notice how it is surrounded by mid-rise condos and high-rise hotels. Once upon a time, Waikiki was all residential and featured homes like this one. You'll find a few more apartment buildings than cottages remaining from the 1930s and 1940s, especially along Ala Wai Boulevard. These treasures are vanishing quickly and painfully.
Here's a link to a picture (circa 1905) showing Diamond Head as seen from Punchbowl in the days before the high-rises. http://hawaiiandays.com/HDC/prints/074.htm In contrast, here is a picture taken from Punchbowl in September 2009. Notice how Diamond Head is barely visible behind the high-rises.
To see more pictures of Old Hawai`i, visit this site:
Good Old Hawai`i http://jalna.blogspot.com/2009/02/old-hawaii.html